It's very rare for a Roman phalera to come onto the market at an affordable price.


Cast in bronze sometime between the first-century B.C.E and the first-century A.D., the phalera would have been worn on the chest in a grid pattern with nine other phalarae, and represented the Roman equivalent of a military medal.


In fact, the Romans had quite a complicated system of decorating their military heroes, including phalerae, crowns, silver-headed spears, torques and armbands (check out this page on our blog to read about Roman military decorations).


Measuring almost 5cm in diameter, this particular phalera displays a stylised version of Bacchus, the Roman god of agriculture, wine, and fertility - although we mostly remember him as the god of wine. The son of Jupiter, Bacchus often carried a pinecone-topped staff, and his followers were goat-footed Satyrs and Maenads, wild women who danced energetically during his festivals.


An enigmatic artefact, now available in the Timeless Galleries


  • Acquired by Timeless Galleries on the UK Antiquities Market, 2020. Formerly part of a European collection formed in the 1990s

  • Black Facebook Icon
  • Black Twitter Icon
  • Black Instagram Icon

© 2019 by Timeless Galleries LTD - Company registered in England & Wales - Company number: 11204472