Timeless are pleased to offer a rare Roman Arrowhead, one of a collection that recently became available on the UK antiquities market.


When considering Roman weaponry, the bow and arrow is not usually the first thing to come to mind. You would be forgiven for thinking first of the Roman short sword, or Gladius, after which gladiators were named. Or perhaps the iconic Roman javelin—the Pilum—with its long, slender iron shank and pyramidal head. Or perhaps even the belt knife, or Puggio, that no Roman soldier would be seen without.


But the archer was just as an important component of the Roman fighting machine as any other unit.


Archers typically belonged to auxiliary units (non-Roman provincials who fought for the empire, being paid only one-third of a legionary’s salary) and used composite bows made of wood, bone and sinew, and were often asymmetric in design, with the lower limb being shorter than the upper.


This 1st - 4th century A.D. Roman iron arrowhead displays a long, tanged shaft and pyramidal head designed to penetrate armour (Type 157, Petrie, W. M. Flinders, 1917). The arrow is mounted on a plinth of oak.


Now available in the Timeless Galleries


  • Acquired by Timeless on the UK Antiquities market, 2021. Formerly in a private Dutch collection formed prior to the 1980s.